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锂离子电池安全检测传感器研究进展

赵星 王澎 抄佩佩 李宁 梁新苗 董红磊

赵星, 王澎, 抄佩佩, 李宁, 梁新苗, 董红磊. 锂离子电池安全检测传感器研究进展[J]. 交通信息与安全, 2022, 40(6): 127-136. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.06.013
引用本文: 赵星, 王澎, 抄佩佩, 李宁, 梁新苗, 董红磊. 锂离子电池安全检测传感器研究进展[J]. 交通信息与安全, 2022, 40(6): 127-136. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.06.013
ZHAO Xing, WANG Peng, CHAO Peipei, LI Ning, LIANG Xinmiao, DONG Honglei. An Overview on Research Progress of Sensors for Detecting Safety of Lithium Batteries[J]. Journal of Transport Information and Safety, 2022, 40(6): 127-136. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.06.013
Citation: ZHAO Xing, WANG Peng, CHAO Peipei, LI Ning, LIANG Xinmiao, DONG Honglei. An Overview on Research Progress of Sensors for Detecting Safety of Lithium Batteries[J]. Journal of Transport Information and Safety, 2022, 40(6): 127-136. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.06.013

锂离子电池安全检测传感器研究进展

doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.06.013
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划项目 2021YFF0601100

详细信息
    作者简介:

    赵星(1986—), 博士.研究方向: 动力电池安全风险识别与故障诊断.E-mail: zhaoxing@caeri.com.cn

    通讯作者:

    董红磊(1982—), 博士, 高级工程师.研究方向: 汽车产品运行安全评价.E-mail: donghl@dpac.gov.cn

  • 中图分类号: TM911

An Overview on Research Progress of Sensors for Detecting Safety of Lithium Batteries

  • 摘要: 近年来, 由于热失控引发的锂离子电池安全事故频繁发生, 严重影响了新能源汽车运行安全, 作为保障车辆运行安全的有效手段, 对电池系统进行安全检测尤为重要。为提高锂离子电池的性能、延长循环寿命, 减少热失控安全事故的发生, 需要利用传感器技术对电池工作状态进行实时监控和检测。根据电池正常和异常工作状态下各物理量的变化, 常用的安全检测信号有应力应变、温度以及特征气体等。目前, 用于检测上述信号的安全检测传感器在电池状态检测方面已得到了广泛的应用。然而, 传统的传感器存在着体积大、灵敏度低、不耐电解液腐蚀等问题。对新型光纤布拉格光栅传感器、柔性薄膜传感器以及半导体式气体传感器的工作原理进行概述, 总结了上述3种传感器在锂离子电池应力应变、温度和气体检测的应用现状, 并从稳定性以及灵敏度等角度指出当前研究的不足, 如光纤布拉格光栅传感器电池体系适用性差, 插入式薄膜传感器影响电池性能, 半导体气体传感器精度和寿命低等问题。如何以经济、安全和实用的方式将传感器安装到电芯中, 减轻实际应用中传感器对电池循环性能的影响以及提高传感器信号传递的稳定性、精度、灵敏度, 是锂离子电池安全传感器开发面临的挑战, 仍然需要在传感器、电池设计等方面开展大量实验研究。

     

  • 图  1  FBG传感器工作原理

    Figure  1.  Working principle of FBG sensor

    图  2  带光纤光栅传感器的FO电缆在大尺寸xEV软包电池中的功能配置[13]

    Figure  2.  Function configuration of FO cable with fiber Bragg grating sensor in large size xEV soft pack battery[13]

    图  3  薄膜热电偶工作原理

    Figure  3.  Working principle of thin film thermocouple

    图  4  锂离子电池热失控过程,气体监测、电压监测、温度监测的预警效果对比[41]

    Figure  4.  Comparison of early warning effects of gas monitoring, voltage monitoring and temperature monitoring on thermal runaway of lithium ion batteries

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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-03-27

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