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恶劣环境下铁路行车安全研究综述

李德仓 陈晓强 孟建军 胥如迅 祁文哲 张子建

李德仓, 陈晓强, 孟建军, 胥如迅, 祁文哲, 张子建. 恶劣环境下铁路行车安全研究综述[J]. 交通信息与安全, 2022, 40(4): 26-37. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.04.003
引用本文: 李德仓, 陈晓强, 孟建军, 胥如迅, 祁文哲, 张子建. 恶劣环境下铁路行车安全研究综述[J]. 交通信息与安全, 2022, 40(4): 26-37. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.04.003
LI Decang, CHEN Xiaoqiang, MENG Jianjun, XU Ruxun, QI Wenzhe, ZHANG Zijian. A Review on Railway Traffic Safety Under Harsh Environments[J]. Journal of Transport Information and Safety, 2022, 40(4): 26-37. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.04.003
Citation: LI Decang, CHEN Xiaoqiang, MENG Jianjun, XU Ruxun, QI Wenzhe, ZHANG Zijian. A Review on Railway Traffic Safety Under Harsh Environments[J]. Journal of Transport Information and Safety, 2022, 40(4): 26-37. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.04.003

恶劣环境下铁路行车安全研究综述

doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2022.04.003
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 72061021

国家自然科学基金项目 62063013

甘肃省科技计划项目 21JR7RA284

甘肃省科技计划项目 20JR10RA251

兰州交通大学校青年基金项目 20210018

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李德仓(1976—),博士,高级工程师. 研究方向: 轨道交通装备检测技术与控制. E-mail: lidecang1978@163.com

    通讯作者:

    孟建军(1966—),博士,教授. 研究方向:轨道交通装备检测与监控技术. E-mail: mengjj@mail.lzjtu.cn

  • 中图分类号: U2986

A Review on Railway Traffic Safety Under Harsh Environments

  • 摘要: 强风沙、地震、泥石流等恶劣环境严重威胁列车的安全运行,研究和防治铁路自然灾害、确保列车安全运行、保障运输安全畅通已成为铁路科研的重大任务。为了避免恶劣环境导致列车脱轨和倾覆事故发生,针对恶劣环境下铁路行车安全性问题,综述了不同环境下列车脱轨机理和动力学特性、环境测量系统、调度系统、预警系统、控制系统、试验验证、防灾措施等关键环节的研究进展。总结了铁路恶劣环境的分类及特点,分析了不同恶劣环境对列车安全运行关键环节的影响,归纳了不同恶劣环境、路况和车型条件下车辆动力学特性及安全性能指标。梳理了复杂恶劣环境下的铁路行车安全控制方法和措施(如实施限速或紧急停车、道岔及受电弓除冰雪装置、挡风墙或风屏障、铁路监测预警与行车指挥系统等),及在实施相应控制方法和措施的过程中所采取的研究方法(如理论分析、数值计算、风洞试验、在线实车试验等)。展望了恶劣环境下铁路列车安全运行研究的重点和发展趋势。

     

  • 图  1  恶劣环境造成列车倾覆事故现场

    Figure  1.  Harsh environment caused train overturning accident

    图  2  不同速度等级下最大动力学性能指标

    Figure  2.  Maximum dynamic performance index under different speed

    图  3  山区铁路沿线泥石流监测预警系统

    Figure  3.  The monitoring early-warning system composition of mountain area railway along debris flow

    图  4  不同强侧风风速下列车最高安全运行速度

    Figure  4.  The highest safe operating speed of train under different strong crosswind wind speeds

    图  5  单位控制力曲线

    Figure  5.  Unit control curve

    图  6  铁路大风监测及预警系统

    Figure  6.  Monitoring and early warning system of railway strong wind

    图  7  研究概况

    Figure  7.  Research overview

    图  8  运行控制与调度管理一体化架构示意图

    Figure  8.  Schematic diagram of the integrated architecture of operation control and dispatch management

    图  9  运行控制与调度管理一体化主要研究内容与方向

    Figure  9.  Main research content of the integrated architecture of operation control and dispatch management

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  • 收稿日期:  2021-12-08
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-09-17

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