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基于点融合的多跑道进场航班排序

王宁 翟文鹏

王宁, 翟文鹏. 基于点融合的多跑道进场航班排序[J]. 交通信息与安全, 2021, 39(6): 108-116. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2021.06.013
引用本文: 王宁, 翟文鹏. 基于点融合的多跑道进场航班排序[J]. 交通信息与安全, 2021, 39(6): 108-116. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2021.06.013
WANG Ning, ZHAI Wenpeng. A Method Based on Point Fusion Procedure for Scheduling Arrival Flights on Multiple Runways[J]. Journal of Transport Information and Safety, 2021, 39(6): 108-116. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2021.06.013
Citation: WANG Ning, ZHAI Wenpeng. A Method Based on Point Fusion Procedure for Scheduling Arrival Flights on Multiple Runways[J]. Journal of Transport Information and Safety, 2021, 39(6): 108-116. doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2021.06.013

基于点融合的多跑道进场航班排序

doi: 10.3963/j.jssn.1674-4861.2021.06.013
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 61603396

中央高校基本科研业务费中国民航大学专项 3122017061

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王宁(1996—),硕士研究生. 研究方向:空中交通规划与管理. E-mail:1013802913@qq.com

    通讯作者:

    翟文鹏(1985—),博士,副教授. 研究方向:空中交通规划与管理. E-mail:524361193@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: V355

A Method Based on Point Fusion Procedure for Scheduling Arrival Flights on Multiple Runways

  • 摘要: 为提高点融合程序下的多跑道机场的进场航班运行效率, 考虑点融合程序下终端区进场程序结构复杂的特点, 提出以0-1整数规划为基础的多跑道进场航班优化排序模型。以进场航班的总延误时间、总飞行时间为最小目标函数, 以尾流间隔、跑道限制、进场航班的飞行时间范围以及可分配进场程序为约束条件, 将不同进场程序及跑道分配给不同的进场航班, 确定航班的飞行时间、落地时刻, 最终求得航班的落地序列。以浦东机场进场程序为例, 选取含精英策略的非支配遗传算法对浦东机场的双落跑道进行进场航班优化排序, 最后与实际结果对比。优化方案的飞行时间和延误时间分别为51 048 s和1 174 s, 相较于实际结果降低了2.1%和38.2%, 单位小时内跑道着陆架次提高了7架, 跑道流量提高了20%左右。

     

  • 图  1  点融合进场程序图

    Figure  1.  Procedure of point fusion approach

    图  2  PMS下多跑道进场航班排序规则

    Figure  2.  Sequence rules of multi-runway approach flights under PMS

    图  3  航班排序流程

    Figure  3.  Flight sequencing process

    图  4  算法流程

    Figure  4.  Algorithm flow

    图  5  浦东进场程序图

    Figure  5.  Standard approach procedure of Pudong Airport

    图  6  优化结果图

    Figure  6.  Optimized results

    图  7  跑道1着陆结果图

    Figure  7.  Landing results of runway 1

    图  8  跑道2着陆结果图

    Figure  8.  Landing result of runway 2

    表  1  各程序进场飞行时间

    Table  1.   Approach flight time of each procedure 单位: s

    进场程序编号 飞行时间最小值 飞行时间下四分位数 飞行时间中位数 飞行时间上四分位数 飞行时间最大值
    SASAN_81A 1 200 1 301 1 338 1 377 1 713
    ASAN_82A 1 211 1 301 1 326 1 355 1 675
    BK_81A 1 193 1 235 1 267 1 328 1 413
    BK_82A 1 166 1 231 1 274 1 320 1 445
    BK_83A 1 152 1 236 1 275 1 321 1 444
    DUMET_81A 1 490 1 720 1 734 1 752 1 834
    DUMET_82A 1 459 1 719 1 731 1 738 1 813
    DUMET_83A 1 291 1 305 1 312 1 360 1 402
    MATNU_81A 1 205 1 214 1 215 1 241 1 397
    MATNU_82A 1 205 1 214 1 216 1 251 1 497
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  优化排序结果

    Table  2.   Optimized sorting results

    到达跑道 优化进场航路 进场时间/s 优化排序结果 优化到达时间/s 优化飞行时间/s 预计到达时间/s 实际到达时间/s
    1 11 48 908 1 50 213 1 305 50 202 50 640
    1 1 49 137 3 50 407 1 231 50 496 50 516
    2 7 51 573 2 50 438 1 301 50 393 50 430
    1 7 49 176 4 50 517 1 314 50 459 50 497
    2 1 51 846 5 50 548 1 309 50 559 50 966
    1 7 49 203 6 50 784 1 305 50 735 50 787
    1 11 49 239 7 50 988 1 301 50 981 51 025
    2 7 51 876 8 51 004 1 231 51 029 51 068
    1 11 49 479 9 51 098 1 322 51 070 51 090
    2 7 51 903 11 51 146 1 305 51 097 51 560
    1 1 49 687 12 51 324 1 301 51 343 51 331
    2 1 52 087 13 51 324 1 301 51 343 51 331
    1 7 49 773 14 51 434 1 334 51 356 51 474
    1 6 49 776 10 51 544 1 736 51 057 51 272
    1 10 49 808 15 51 654 1 317 52 050 51 638
    1 11 49 841 16 51 764 1 325 51 733 52 169
    1 7 50 023 17 51 882 1 231 51 907 51 888
    1 1 50 023 18 52 211 1 301 52 230 52 264
    2 12 52 113 19 52 224 1 301 52 120 52 368
    1 11 50 100 21 52 351 1 305 52 340 52 786
    2 12 52 120 22 52 503 1 257 52 443 52 583
    1 1 50 337 23 52 547 1 275 52 592 52 485
    1 11 50 439 20 52 699 1 720 52 273 52 287
    2 7 52 172 24 52 706 1 214 52 748 52 704
    1 7 50 651 25 52 809 1 258 52 807 52 870
    2 11 52 239 26 52 816 1 243 52 867 52 981
    1 1 50 910 28 53 107 1 231 53 196 53 106
    2 12 52 413 27 53 147 1 301 53 043 53 143
    1 1 50 923 29 53 217 1 314 53 223 53 186
    1 9 50 979 31 53 327 1 214 53 829 53 331
    2 7 52 476 32 53 334 1 214 53 376 53 417
    1 11 51 046 30 53 437 1 350 53 381 53 489
    2 1 52 495 33 53 444 1 272 53 492 53 405
    1 2 51 246 34 53 547 1 308 53 547 53 999
    2 13 52 713 35 53 627 1 214 53 611 53 627
    1 7 51 272 36 53 707 1 231 53 732 53 712
    1 12 51 492 37 53 817 1 322 53 692 53 766
    1 8 51 551 38 53 927 1 214 53 970 53 927
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-17
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-01-12

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